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38                    THE  WORLD ,
including great quantities of raisins, are every year to other parts of the world.
Only a few years ago these fertile farms were desert wastes. The soil was rich enough., but there was no water. By canals and ditcher streams have been led from the mountains and the desert has given way to a land of plenty dotted with prosperous homes.
We saw that there was only one easy way through the eastern highlands, and that at th.o entrance to it stood the port of New York. On the west there is also only one break ir». the Coast Range all the way from Vancouver to the end of the peninsula of Lower California,-Everywhere else roads would have to, cross* these mountains to get to the sea; here they need not do so. The railways from the north, south,, and east come to this place to get to the Pacific^ and here is San Francisco. It has a magnificent harbour called the Golden Gate.
Not many people live among the western highlands, for the land is high, dry, and far from the markets of Europe. The California!* valley is the largest area fit for settlement, anc I its biggest city is San Francisco. Wherever life* is difficult, few people will care to live, and that** is why the north and the west of America have *= such a small population. But in the east and the south-east, where men can "live well," arcs most of the inhabitants of North America.